Modernism and Nation Building: Turkish Architectural Culture in the Early Republic (Studies in Modernity and National Identity)

by Sibel Bozdogan

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With the proclamation of the Turkish republic by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in 1923, Turkey's political and intellectual elites attempted to forge from the ruins of the Ottoman Empire a thoroughly modern, secular, European nation-state. Among many other public expressions of this bold social experiment, they imported modern architecture as both a visible symbol and an effective instrument of their modernising agenda. They abandoned the prevailing Ottoman revivalist style and transformed the entire profession of architecture in Turkey according to the aesthetic canons and rationalist doctrines of European modernism. In this book, the architectural historian Sibel Bozdogan offers a cultural history of modern Turkish architecture and its impact on European modernism from the Young Turk revolution of 1908 to the end of the Kemalist single-party regime in 1950. Drawing on official propaganda publications, professional architectural journals, and popular magazines of the day, Bozdogan looks at Turkish architectural culture in its broad political, historical, and ideological context. She shows how modern architecture came to be the primary visual expression of the so-called republican revolution - especially in the case of representative public buildings and in the idealised form of the modern house. She also illustrates Turkish architects' efforts to legitimise modern forms on rational, scientific grounds and to "nationalise" them by showing their compatibility with Turkish building traditions. After Ataturk's death in 1938, the initial revolutionary spirit in Turkish architectural culture gave way to nationalist trends in German and Italian architecture and to the inspiration of Central Asian and pre-Islamic Turkish monuments. The resulting departure from the distinct modernist aesthetic of the early 1930s toward a more classicised and monumental architecture representative of state power brought this heroic era of modern Turkish history to a close. Today, when Turkey's project of modernity is being critically re-evaluated from many perspectives, this comprehensive survey of Kemalism's architectural legacy is timely and provocative. Sibel Bozdogan teaches architectural history and theory at the Graduate School of Design, Harvard University. She is the co-editor of "Rethinking Modernity and National Identity in Turkey" and the co-author of "Sedad Eldem: Architect in Turkey".



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rank: #4,465,343
price: $60.00
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publisher: University of Washington Press (August 2001)
lang: English
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isbn: 0295981105, 978-0295981109,
weight: 3.1 pounds (
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Sibel Bozdogan
In addition to analyzing the intentions and policies of state-elites, one also needs to look at other cultural contexts and media where the project of national identity construction is registered and negotiated (e.gAttempting to explain the latter by referring to the logic of the former would run the risk of impoverishing our understanding of the matterDigital page images are linked to the text fileThe question of national distinctiveness that preoccupies so many nationalist movements in the post-colonial world was translated in Turkish nationalist discourse into a question of difference from the 'Orientals'For the Kemalist regime, modernity was equated with Westernization, for as Bozdoan puts it, the Republican need for self-affirmation through Western eyes appears to have been central to the cultural and political consciousness of the period (67)WThus, instead of a 'merely' formal analysis of the history of architectural conventions and styles, the reader gets a complex picture of the evolving relationship between an art form on the one hand and political and ideological dynamics on the otherBozdogan does a deft job of handling multiple audiences (art historians, architects, social anthropologists, political scientists, sociologist, Middle East experts etc.) and makes its contribution in multiple fields such ONLINE BOOK Sales EQ: How Ultra High Performers Leverage Sales-Specific Emotional Intelligence to Close the Complex Deal architectural history ONLINE BOOK The Harbinger - Book 6: Solidarity studies of nationalism

Without a concrete referent (derived either from its imperial past or from its present peripheral, folk culture), the national culture that Kemalist nationalism endeavored to create was founded on a conspicuous absenceShe perceptively notes the formal indeterminacy of modernist style and how it clashes with its historically specific articulation into an 'international style.' Yet, in addition to this lacuna within modernism, Bozdogan's account also testifies to another one between nationalist political will and modernist architectural representationCommon terms and phrasesacademy aesthetic Anatolian Ankara Aptullah Ziya archi architectural culture Arkitekt Arseven art and architecture artists Atatiirk avant-garde Bedrettin Behcet Bruno Taut building civilization classical construction contemporary Corbusier critical cubic cubism discourse early republican Emin Onat Europe European example flat roofs German ideals ideological important industrial inkilap international style Islamic Istanbul Izmir Izmir International Fair Le Corbusier Mimar Mimarisi Mimarlik Ministry modern architecture Modern Movement modern Turkish modernist monumental Muhit Mustafa Kemal National Architecture Renaissance national style READ BOOK Iron Wolf official Osman Hamdi Bey Ottoman architecture Ottoman Empire Ottoman revivalism Ottoman revivalist Paul Bonatz People's Houses Photograph political postcard professional republic republican architects republican period revolution Sayar Sedad Hakki Eldem social society stylistic symbol [PDF] A Grammar of the Modern Armenian Language: As Spoken in Constantinople and Asia Minor tion traditional Turk Turkey Turkish architects Turkish art Turkish house Turkish nation Turquie Kemaliste Ulkii urban Vedat Bey village Western Yaymlan Yedigiin Yedigun Yeni Mimari ZekiThe book continues with chapters that deal in depth with the official discourse through which modern architecture, called Yeni Mimari, was introduced in Turkey, and the appropriation of it by nationalist architectsThe first architects to build, literally, ONLINE BOOK Act of Lust: A Mike McCarthy Book (Mike McCarthy series 2) Turkish Republic were imported, such as Hermann Jansen, who undertook the master plan of the new capital at Ankara, as well [PDF] How to Keep Your Stuff Safe Online Bruno Taut, Ernst Egli, and Clemens HolzmeisterIndeed, at the turn of the century the concept of modernity was just thata concept, as well as a supposed blueprint for building a progressive futureFrontmatter Prefacepage ix Introduction: Modernism on the Margins of Europepage 3 1The recovery of the pure, simple, unadorned, proportional, functional and rational features of Turkish architecture would necessitate the exorcism of the Arabian or Persian influences which encumbered it with Oriental ornamentation, confusion and [PDF] Beginnings (Holloway Pack) 2 looks at the idea of revolution as it informed Kemalist nationalist policies and the architectural culture of the period (Inkilap Mimarisi)

Selected pagesTitle PageTable of ContentsIndexReferencesBozdogan's book is also helpful in supplanting the heavy political focus of the studies of Turkish nationalism with cultural representations and practicesIn Turkey this architecture was advertised as an ideology centered on democracy and the commonality of all men, which nonetheless was reduced to the superficialities of a monolithic and monumental architectural styleThe changing identity and pubic visibility of women, importance accorded to education and educational buildings, proposals for a new village architecture and the READ BOOK Misadventures in West Africa: Sierra Leone (Volume 1) between Istanbul (as the capital of a decadent and bankrupt multi-ethnic empire) and Ankara (the new, uncontaminated capital of the young Republic) are themes explored in this chapterxii + 367 ppPlease contact infohebook.org for more informationThe ultimate goal was, according to Bozdoan, a civilizing mission that meant to propel Turkish society into the new centuryat whatever costOn the whole, Bozdogan's work is successful precisely because it refrains form the temptation to give a reductionist account403 Forbidden.

Eleanor Sims, formerly of the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the editor of Islamic Art, has written widely on Iranian artSibel Bozdogan With the empowerment inherent in recreating the nationalist READ BOOK Pixels of my Heart came also the totalitarian suppression [PDF] Martyred Missionaries of the China Inland Mission: With a Record of the Perils Sufferings of Some Who Escaped (Classic Reprint) diversity and multiplicityToday, when Turkey's project of modernity is being critically reevaluated from many perspectives, this comprehensive survey of Kemalism's architectural legacy is timely and provocativeThroughout the book, which brilliantly brings to life the dynamism and intensity of the early years of the Turkish Republic, there is a simultaneous sense of loss and liberationThe second argument used to pacify the tension between modernity and nationalism was that Turkish national culture and architecture is already modern and rational because it embodies the same qualities valorized by modernism (such as simplicity, functionality, austerity and lack of ornamentation)The unexpected victory of a newly elected Islamist governments in Ankara, in 1998 and 2003 mark a reaction to this past, as the populace reclaims its historyLiving Modern: Cubic Houses and Apartmentspage 193 6255)Bibliographic informationTitleModernism and Nation Building: Turkish Architectural Culture in the Early RepublicStudies in modernity and national identityAuthorSibel BozdoganEditionillustrated, revisedPublisherUniversity of Washington Press, 2001ISBN0295981520, 9780295981529Length367 pagesSubjectsArchitecture:History:GeneralArchitecture / History / GeneralHistory / Middle East / General  Export CitationBiBTeXEndNoteRefMan 171bf2437f
Sibel Bozdogan